Traumatic Brain Injury
Approximately two million people sustain a head injury each year. Although some of these injuries are minor over half a million head injuries require hospitalization. Everyone in their lifetime will sustain some form of trauma to the head. Traumatic brain injury is any damage to the head that leads to injury of the scalp, skull or brain. Common causes of head injury include traffic accidents, work accidents, running, cycling, and falls. Some head injuries result in long lasting or permanent damage.
The more serious head injuries cause insufficiency that differ with the degree of head trauma. These may include: coma, seizures, paralysis, personality changes, hearing loss, vision loss, cognitive or learning deficits, just to name a few. The signs and symptoms of a head injury may occur right away or develop slowly over several hours or days. The main causes of these types of injuries are:
â€¢Slips and/or falls